|Justice Esau Chulu|
By Paul Shalala
Zambia has increased the nomination fee for the August 11 presidential election by 750% triggering complaints from opposition parties, aspiring candidates and the civil society.
The Electoral Commission of Zambia (ECZ) announced on Thursday that it had increased all nomination fees for this year’s elections during a stakeholders meeting in Lusaka.
ECZ Chairperson Justice Esau Chulu said the increase of the presidential nomination fee from K10,000 (US$1,000) to K75,000 (US$7,500) was a preserve of the electoral body.
“Section 21 and 23 of the Electoral Act number 12 of 2006 refer to the nomination fees that candidates to the office of the President and National assembly are expected to pay. The nomination fees are determined by ECZ,” said Justice Chulu.
He also announced the adjustment of nomination fees for other elective offices.
“Parliamentary candidates will pay K10,000 (from K5,000), Mayoral candidates will pay K10,000, Council Chairperson candidates will pay K5,000, Councillor for city and municipal K2,000 (from K100) while councillor for rural pays K1,500 (from K50),” he added.
This increase has been condemned by various opposition political parties, civil society activists and people aspiring for various offices.
Green Party President Peter Sinkamba says the increase is ridiculous.
“Whilst I can afford to pay for my presidential nomination fees, I find this measure extremely ridiculous because it bars rural populations from participating in governance systems,” said Sinkamba who lost the 2015 Presidential election.
His words were echoed by other interested parties.
Allan Sakala, an aspiring independent candidate for Munali constituency in Lusaka, has even threatened to sue the electoral body.
“Guru (Allan Sakala) will be taking the ECZ to court over the high nomination fees. Politics and leadership can never be the preserve of the rich and the corrupt,” he wrote on his Facebook page.
And reggae artist Maiko Zulu, who is aspiring as an independent candidate for Kabwata constituency in Lusaka, has also complained about the new nomination fees describing them as too high and unrealistic.
“The revised nomination fees for candidates for the 2016 general elections are too high and not reflective of the present economic living conditions of ordinary Zambians. The electoral process seems to now be a preserve for the rich, thereby commercialising participation of leadership,” said Zulu.
But the Foundation for Democratic Process (FODEP), a civil society organisation, says the hike in nomination fees will result in Zambia having the most expensive ever election this year.
“If these nomination fees are allowed to go unchallenged, it will be a clear promotion of discrimination and marginalisation of the poor in the electoral system and process which will be contrary to the provisions of Article 45 (a) (c) and (d) which tries to ensure that citizens freely exercise their political rights,” said FODEP executive director MacDonald Chipenzi.
“The resultant of such a move will make the 2016 general elections the most expensive elections Zambia has ever seen since independence and will be millionaires’ and educated people’s electoral game,” he added.
According to the ECZ, candidates will have to make a 50% down payment of the nomination fees before filing the nomination papers.
Parliamentary candidates will file their nomination on 31 May.
Zambia’s President Edgar Lungu is expected to dissolve Parliament in May to pave way for official campaigns whose period the ECZ says will run from May 16 to August 10.
Zambia has over six million registered voters who will be electing a President, 156 Members of Parliament and over 1, 400 Councillors and an unspecified number of Mayors and Council Chairpersons.